Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation
Air Chief Marshal Sir Donald Hardman (15155)
James Donald Innes b: 21 Dec 1899 r: 29 Jan 1958 d: 2 Mar 1982
GBE - 1 Jan 1958 (OBE - 11 Jul 1940), KCB - 5 Jun 1952 (CB - 5 Jul 1945), DFC - 8 Feb 1919, MiD - 1 Jan 1941, DSM (US) - 15 Mar 1946.
For a list of foreign decoration abbreviations,
For a list of foreign decoration abbreviations, click here
(Army):- (T) 2 Lt (P): 10 May 1917.
(RAF):- Lt: 1 Apr 1918, (T)/Act Capt: 28 Sep 1918, Fg Off: 18 Oct 1921, Flt Lt: 1 Jul 1927, Sqn Ldr:1 Feb 1936, Wg Cdr: 1 Jan 1939, (T) Gp Capt: 1 Mar 1941, Gp Capt (WS): 29 Mar 1942, Act A/Cdre: 29 Sep 1941?, (T) A/Cdre: 1 Oct 1944, 1 Dec 1944, Act AVM: 1 Oct 1945, A/Cdre: 1 Oct 1946, AVM: 1 Jul 1948, Act AM: 1 Oct 1951, AM: 1 Jul 1952, ACM: 1 Apr 1955.
21 Oct 1917: Pilot, ? RFC.
xx Feb 1918: Pilot, No 19 Sqn RFC.
28 Sep 1918: Flight Commander, No 19 Sqn.
8 Mar 1919: Transferred to the Unemployed List.
xx xxx 1919: Student, Oxford University.
18 Oct 1921: Appointed to a Short Service Commission
18 Oct 1921: Supernumerary, RAF Depot.
6 May 1922: Pilot, No 31 Sqn.
xx xxx 1925: Granted a Permanent Commission
8 Oct 1926: Pilot/Armament Officer, No 16 Sqn.
29 Feb 1928: Attended Armament & Gunnery School.
27 Aug 1928: Armament officer, HQ No 22 Group.
26 Sep 1931: Armament officer/Pilot, No 216 Sqn.
9 Dec 1932: Pilot, No 216 Sqn.
21 Jan 1935: Attended RAF Staff College
Officer, No 23 (Training) Group.
21 Jan 1938: Attended Army Staff College, Camberley
xx xxx 1939: Staff, 'Z'
xx xxx 1939: Admin Staff, HQ Air Component of the BEF.
xx xxx 1940: SOA, HQ No 22? Group.
27 Oct 1944: Director of Overseas Operations (Tactical)
xx Dec 1944: Deputy Commander, Combat Cargo Task Force, ACSEA.
xx Apr 1945: AOC, No 232 (Transport) Group.
16 Jan 1946: AOA, HQ Air Command South East Asia.
30 Sep 1946: AOA, HQ Air Command Far East.
xx xxx 1947: Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (Operations)
1 Jan 1949: Commandant, RAF Staff College - Bracknell
14 Jan 1952: Chief of Staff, Royal Australian Air Force
1 May 1954: Air Member for Supply and Organisation
Educated at Malvern and then Hertford College, Oxford, he joined the Artistsí Rifles in 1916, transferring to the RFC in early 1917, but was unable to go to France, due to his age, until February 1918.
On 30 October 1918, during a bomber escort mission to No 98 Squadron, the 12 Sopwith Dolphins of No 19 Squadron being led by Hardman and the DH9's of 98, were jumped by 30-40 Fokker DVII's. In the ensuing combat all 'A' Flight aircraft were lost and Hardman and two other aircraft of 'B' Flight were the only ones to return to their base. However, in the melee, Donald Hardman accounted for two of the German aircraft and was awarded the DFC for the action. By the end of the war he had amassed a confirmed total of nine victories.
After WW1, he left the RAF and returned to Oxford but on completion of his studies, he rejoined the RAF and was almost immediately sent out to 31 Squadron in India.
In 1939, he was selected by Group Capt Victor Goddard to join the Admin staff of the Air Component and accompanied Goddard to France in order to organise the movement of the various elements from the ports of entry on the Atlantic coast to their operating airfields in the North East of France. Without their own 'works' staff, Hardman managed to commandeer a Sapper officer, who was able to mobilize local French contractors to carry out much of the simple tasks required by the air force. It was largely as a result of his efforts that the RAF arrived at their destinations ready for operations if and when they should be needed.In 1956 he was appointed the President of the Board of Inquiry into the loss of Vulcan XA897 which crashed at Heathrow Airport followed a Round-the-World flight from which only the pilot an Air Marshal Sir Harry Broadhurst escaped.
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