Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation

 

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Aircraft of the RAF (M - T)


Units shown in Bold/Red indicate the first unit to be equipped with the type

Further details on WW2 types can be found here

 
Name Manufacturer Role Service Squadrons Notes
M1C Monoplane Bristol Fighter ? - 1919 72, 150  
Magister Miles Trainer 1937 CFS, EFTSs - 3, 4, 8, 11, 15, 19, 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 39, 40, 44  
Manchester Avro Bomber 1940 - 1942 49, 50, 61, 83, 97, 106, 207, 408, 460 This aircraft was a failure but it lead to the development of the Lancaster
Marathan Handley Page Navigation Trainer 1953 - 1958 ANS, 1 ANS, 2 ANS  
Marauder Martin Medium Bomber 1942 - 1946 14, 39  
Mariner Martin General Recce 1943 524  
Martinet Miles Target Tug 1942 - 269, 285, 286, 287, 289, 290, 291, 567, 587, 595, 598, 631, 679, 691. 695  
Maryland Martin Recce-Bomber 1940 - 1942 22, 39, 69, 203, 223 OTU, 431 Flt  
Master Miles Advanced Trainer 1939 - 1950    
Mentor Miles Trainer/Comms 1938 - 24  
Merlin Westland/Augusta Transport Helicopter 2001 - Current 28  
Messenger Miles Communications      
Meteor I - IV Gloster Fighter 1944 - 1, 41, 43, 56, 63, 66, 74, 91, 92, 124, 222, 234, 257, 263, 266, 500, 600, 611, 615, 616  
Meteor 7 Gloster Trainer 1949 - 1957 AFS's  
Meteor 8 Gloster Fighter 1950 - 1977 1, 19, 34, 41, 43, 54, 56, 63, 64, 65, 66, 72, 74, 92, 111, 222, 245, 247, 257, 263, 500, 504, 600, 601, 604, 609, 610, 611, 615, 616 After front line service many were used as target tugs
Meteor 9 & 10 Gloster Fighter/Photo Recce 1950 - 1961 2, 13, 79, 81, 208, 541  
Meteor NF 11 - 14 Armstrong Whitworth Night Fighter 1951 - 1968 25, 29, 33, 46, 64, 72, 85, 125, 151, 152, 153, 264  
Mitchell North American Light Bomber 1942 - 1944 98, 180, 226, 305, 320, 342, 681, 684, 3 PRU  
Mohawk Curtiss Fighter 1940 - 1944 5, 146, 155,  
Mosquito I, IV, VIII, IX, XVI, PR34 & PR35 De Havilland Photo Reconnaissance 1941 - 1955 4, 13, 58, 81, 140, 540, 544, 680, 684, PDU, 1 PRU  
Mosquito

III, VI, XVII, XVIII, XIX, XXX, NF36, NF38

De Havilland Fighter/ Fighter Bomber 1942 - 1951 4, 11, 14, 18, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 36, 39, 45, 47, 55, 68, 82, 84, 85, 89, 96, 107, 110, 125, 141, 143, 151, 157, 169, 176, 219, 235, 239, 248, 249, 254, 255, 256, 264, 268, 305, 307, 333, 334, 404, 406, 409, 410, 418, 456, 464, 487, 488, 600, 604, 605, 608, 609, 613, 616,  
Mosquito IV, IX, XVI, XX, XXV & B35

 

De Havilland Bomber 1941 - 1953 14, 55, 69, 98, 105, 109, 128, 139, 142, 162, 163, 180, 192, 249, 502, 571, 578, 608, 613, 618, 627, 692, 693  
Mustang       I & II North American Fighter Recce 1942 - 2, 4, 16, 26, 63, 168, 169, 170, 171, 225, 231, 239, 241, 268, 309, 400, 414, 430, 516, 613  
Mustang    III & IV North American Fighter Bomber 1943 - 1947 19, 64, 65, 112, 118, 122, 126, 129, 154, 165, 213, 234, 249, 250, 260, 303, 306, 309, 315, 316, 441, 442, 611  
N3P-B Northrop General Recce 1941 - 1942 330  
Neptune Lockheed Maritime Recce 1952 - 1957 36, 203, 210, 217 4 operated in the AEW role with Fighter Command
Nieuport Scout Nieuport Fighter 1916 - 1918 111, Various models used - 17, 23, 24, 27
Nighthawk Miles Trainer/Comms   24  
Nighthawk Nieuport Fighter 1923 - 1, 8 These squadrons only used small trial batches
Nightjar Nieuport Fighter 1923 203  
Nimrod Hawker Siddeley Maritime Recce 1969 - Current 42, 51, 120, 201, 203, 206, 236 OCU 51 Sqn operate the R1 in the ECM role
O/400 Handley Page Bomber ? - 1921 58, 97, 115, 207, 214, 215, 216  
Overstrand Boulton-Paul Bomber 1935 - 1940 101  
Oxford Airspeed Advanced Trainer 1937 - 1954    
Panther Parnall Fighter Recce 1920 - 205, 441 Flt  
Pembroke Hunting Percival Communications 1954 - 1988 21, 32, 60, 70, 81, 152, 207, 267  
Perth Blackburn General Reconnaissance 1934 - 1936 209  
Petrel   Communications 1939 - 24  
Phantom McDonnell Fighter 1968 - 199? 2, 6, 14, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 41, 43, 54, 56, 64R, 92, 111, 228 OCU  
Pioneer Scottish Aviation Transport/Comms 1954 - 1970 20, 78, 209, 215, 230, 267  
Prentice Percival Trainer 1948 - 1956+   Used for pilot training until 1953, but used for signaller training after that.
Proctor Percival Trainer/Comms 1940 - 1955    
Provost Hunting Percival Trainer 1953 - 1969 CFS, RAFC, 1 FTS, 2 FTS, 3 FTS, 4 FTS, 6 FTS  
Puma Westland/ Aerspatiale Transport Helicopter 1971 - Current 33, 230, 1563 Flt  
Queen Bee De Havilland Radio Controlled target 1935 - 1947   Remote control version of Tiger Moth
Rangoon Short General Recce 1931 - 1936 203, 210  
RE 8 Royal Aircraft Factory Corps Recce 1916 - 1920 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15, 16, 21, 30, 34, 42, 52, 53, 59, 63, 105, 106, 113, 208  
Rota Avro Army Co-operation 1934 - 1945 529, 1448 Flt, Sch of AC  
S5 Supermarine Racing Seaplane 1927 RAF High Speed Flight Competed in 1927 Schneider Trophy
S6/S6B Supermarine Racing Seaplane 1929 - 1931 RAF High Speed Flight S6 - Competed in 1929 Schneider Trophy, S6B in 1931
Sabre North American Fighter 1953 - 1955 3, 4, 20, 26, 66, 67, 72, 92, 93, 112, 130, 234  
Scapa Supermarine General Recce 1935 - 1938 202, 204, 228, 240  
Scout Bristol Home Defence 1918 36  
SE 5A Royal Aircraft Factory Fighter 1917 - 1920 1, 24, 29, 32, 37, 39, 40, 41, 50, 56, 60, 61, 64, 72, 74, 84, 85, 92, 93, 94, 111, 143, 145, 150  
Sea King Westland SAR Helicopter 1978 - Current 22, 202, 78  
Sea Otter Supermarine Air Sea Rescue 1944 - 1945 278, 281, 282, Flts - 1347, 1348, 1349, 1350, 1351, 1352  
Seaford Short General Recce 1946 201 (trials only)  
Sedburgh Slingsby Training Glider      
Sentinel Vultee-Stinson Casevac 1945 194  
Sentry Boeing Airborne Early Warning 1991 - Current 8, 23 Purchased following the failure of the Nimrod AEW project
Shackleton AEW 2 Avro Airborne Early Warning 1972 - 199? 8  
Shackleton MR 1-3 Avro Maritime Reconnaissance 1951 - 1972 37, 38, 42, 120, 203, 204, 205, 206, 210, 220, 224, 228, 240, 269  
Sidestrand Boulton-Paul Bomber 1929 - 1935 101  
Singapore III Short General Recce 1935 - 1941 203, 205, 209, 210, 228, 230, 240,  
Sioux Bell Training Helicopter 1965 - ? CFS, 2 FTS  
Siskin III Armstrong Whitworth Fighter 1924 - 1927 41, 111  
Siskin IIIA Armstrong Whitworth Fighter 1926 - 1932 1, 17, 19, 25, 29, 32, 41, 43, 54, 56, 111  
Skeeter Saro Training Helicopter ? - 1964 CFS  
Skymaster Douglas Transport 1944 - 232, 246  
Snipe Sopwith Fighter 1918 - 1926 1, 3, 17, 19, 23, 25, 29, 32, 37, 41, 43, 56, 70, 78, 80, 111, 112, 143, 201, 208, Used by training schools after this date
Southampton Supermarine General Recce 1925 - 1936 201, 203, 204, 205, 210, 480 Flt  
Spitfire I, II, IV, V, IX XI, XVI (Merlin) Supermarine Fighter 1938 - 1951 1, 2, 4, 5, 16, 17, 19, 20, 26, 28, 32, 33, 41, 43, 54, 56, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 69, 71, 72, 73, 74, 80, 81, 87, 91, 92, 93, 94, 111, 118, 121, 122, 123, 124, 126, 127, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133,  136, 140, 145, 152, 154, 155, 164, 165, 167, 185, 208, 212, 222, 225, 229, 232, 234, 237, 241, 242, 243, 249, 253, 266, 302, 303, 306, 308, 310, 312, 313, 315, 316, 317, 318, 322, 329, 331, 332, 340, 341, 345, 349, 350, 400, 401,402, 403, 411, 412, 414, 416, 417, 421, 441, 442, 443, 451, 452, 453, 457, 485, 501, 504, 521, 541, 542, 543, 544, 548, 595, 601, 602, 603, 607, 609, 610, 611, 612, 614, 615, 616,  680, 681, 682, 683, 1435 RAF's first stressed skin aircraft
Spitfire XII, XIV, F/FR18, PR19, F21, F22, F24 (Griffon) Supermarine Fighter 1943 - 1954 1, 2, 11, 17, 20, 26, 28, 32, 41, 60, 73, 81, 91, 122, 130, 132, 152, 155, 208, 268, 322, 350, 401, 402, 414, 430, 502, 541, 542, 600, 602, 603, 607, 608, 610, 611, 612, 613, 614, 615, 682  
Stirling I - IV Short Heavy Bomber 1940 - 1945 7, 15, 75, 90, 138, 148, 149, 161, 171, 190, 196, 199, 214, 218, 295, 299, 513, 570, 620, 622, 623, 624  
Stirling V Short Transport 1945 - 1946 46, 51, 158, 196, 242, 299  
Stranraer Supermarine General Recce 1937 - 1941 201, 209, 228, 240  
Sunderland Short General Recce 1938 - 1959 88, 95, 119, 201, 202, 204, 205, 209, 210, 228, 230 240, 246, 330, 343, 422, 423, 461, 490  
Swift 1 - 4 Supermarine Fighter 1954 - 1955 2 (2 a/c), 56, 79 (2 a/c)  
Swift 5 Supermarine Fighter Recce 1956 - 1961 2, 79  
Swift 7 Supermarine Fighter 1957 - 1958 No 1 GWDS Used for guided missile trials
Sycamore Bristol SAR Helicopter 1952 - 1972 32, 103, 110, 118, 194, 225, 228, 275, 284 First British designed helicopter to serve in the RAF
T 8W Fokker General Recce 1940 320 Brought to Britain by their Dutch crews after the invasion of Holland
Tempest II Hawker Fighter-Bomber 1945 - 1951 5, 16, 20, 26, 30, 33, 54, 152, 183, 247,  
Tempest     V & VI Hawker Fighter-Bomber 1944 - 1949 3, 6, 8, 33, 39, 56, 80, 174, 213, 222, 249, 274, 287, 349, 486, 501 Used as a target tug until 1955
Thor Douglas Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile 1958 - 1963    
Thunderbolt Republic Fighter Bomber 1944 - 1946 5, 30, 34, 42, 60, 79, 81, 113, 123, 131, 134, 135, 146, 258, 261, 615  
Tiger Moth De Havilland Trainer 1932 - 1951    
Tomahawk Curtiss Tactical Recce Fighter 1941 - 1943 2, 4, 16, 26, 112, 168, 171, 208, 231, 234, 239, 241, 250, 260, 268, 400, 403, 414, 430, 613  
Tomtit Hawker Trainer 1929 - 1935 24, 3 FTS, CFS  
Tornado 

1 & 4

Panavia Tactical Strike 1980 - Current 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 20, 27, 31, 45R, 617, TTTE, TWCU  
Tornado

2 & 3

Panavia Fighter 1987 - Current 5, 11, 25, 29, 43, 65R, 111, 229 OCU  
Tristar Lockheed Transport/Tanker 1983 - Current 216  
Tucano Short Tranier 1988 - Current 1 FTS, 7 FTS, CFS  
Tutor Avro Trainer 1933 - 1939    
Twin Pioneer Scottish Aviation Transport 1958 - 1968 21, 78, 152, 209, 230  
Typhoon Hawker Fighter-Bomber 1941 - 1945? 1, 3, 4, 56, 137, 164, 168, 174, 175, 181, 182, 183, 184, 186, 193, 195, 197, 198, 245, 247, 257, 263, 268, 266, 438, 439, 440, 486, 609,  

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